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Education Health and Care Plans (EHCPs)

What is an Education, Health and Care Plan? 

An education, health and care (EHC) plan, commonly referred to as an EHCP, is for children and young people with Special Educational Needs (SEN) aged up to 25 who need more support than is available through SEN Support

An EHC plan is a legal document that describes a child or young person's special educational, health and social care needs. It explains the extra help that will be given to meet those needs and how that help will support the child or young person to achieve what they want to in their life.

In BCP Council we have a graduated response which means that staff in your child's early years setting, school or college will provide the right level of support to meet their special educational needs. For most children and young people their needs can be met in their current early years setting, school or college through quality first teaching (also known as universal support) and SEN support (universal plus).  

Only a small percentage of children and young people with SEND will require the support of an EHCP.  

Watch a short video to find out more about EHCPs

What's in an EHC Plan?

EHCPs include:

  • a description of the child or young person’s Special Educational Needs  
  • the views, interests and aspirations of the child or young person and their parents/carers  
  • desired outcomes 
  • education, health and social care needs of the child or young person 
  • education, health and social care provision to be put in place 
  • the name and type of school or setting  
  • details of any agreed personal budget  
  • from Year 9 onwards the EHCP must include outcomes and provision needed by the young person to assist them in preparing for adulthood such as support with training, finding a job and housing. 

See what an EHCP looks like here.

How do I get an EHC Plan?

EHC Plans can only be issued after a child or young person has had an Education, Health & Care (EHC) needs assessment.  

Find out how to ask for an EHC needs assessment

When does an EHC Plan end?

An EHCP will end:

  • when the outcomes in the EHCP have all been met  
  • at the end of the academic year in which the young person becomes 25 
  • when the young person leaves education for full time employment 
  • if the young person moves into higher education (HE)
  • if the child or young person leaves the country

When a parent/carer and young person is advised that the EHCP is going to end they will be informed of:  

  • the support available from SENDiass
  • local disagreement resolution services  
  • the right to appeal and time limits for appealing
  • the need to consider mediation if an appeal is made

What happens if a young person enters higher education?

An EHCP will continue into further education (FE) but will end if a young person enters higher education (HE).

The move to HE should be planned to make it as smooth as possible. A copy of the EHCP should be given to the relevant person at the institution once the place has been confirmed and the young person has given consent for it to be shared. 

Disabled Students Allowance (DSA) can be applied for to cover some of the extra course costs due to a mental health problem, long term illness or any other disability.

We’ll continue to deliver the special educational provision outlined in the plan up until the child or young person reaches 25 if they stay in education or training.

BCP Council's COVID-19 response to EHCPs